Poaching is undertaken by a variety of people for various reasons, it is essentially removing natural resources such as wild animals. Poaching is an extremely complex problem throughout the world, therefore the fight against poaching is a difficult task. Governments, organizations and people from across the world need to work together to prevent and reduce poaching numbers.
The fight against poaching is to ensure our natural resources and ecosystems are not damaged, many animals are extinct or in critical danger because of poaching. The West African Black Rhino was declared extinct in 2011, mainly due to poaching. During 2012 the Sumatran Elephant was changed from endangered to critically endangered after half the population was lost in only one generation.
The main aim of anti-poaching is to prevent poaching from occurring in the first place, thus it is important to understand the factors which someone considers before deciding to commit a poaching crime. These can be what they gain from the crime, the penalty of them being caught and the probability of being caught.
Many people poach animals due to the value of the goods, it is estimated that the value per kilo of a rhino horn for a poacher is US$15,000, this increases to a black Market value of approximately US$50,000. The value of lion parts to a poacher is about US$55 per claw and US$70 per tooth. Bush meat also has an extremely high value to the poacher with giraffe meat estimated at US$450, zebra meat around US$300 and zebra skin on the black market being worth roughly US$1500.
In Three Centuries 99.5% Of The Black Rhino Population Was Annihilated
Black Rhino’s Population In Seventeenth Century
Current Population Of Black Rhinos
Education Is The Key To Preventing Poaching
Education needs to include people who could potentially become poachers to those who buy the poached goods. Education must inform people about the long term benefits the animals or vegetation has to the communities and the job security this creates via tourism.